Appendix C - Commercial Equivalents for Chemicals

acetic acid CH3COOH vinegar ( 5% ) grocery store
acetone CH3COCH3 acetone hardware store
acetylsalicylic acid C9H8O4 aspirin drug store
aluminum Al foil or wire grocery or hardware store
aluminum potassium sulfate KAl(SO4)2 alum drug store
aluminum sulfate Al2(SO4)2 flocculating powder pool supply store
ammonium carbonate (NH4)2CO3 smelling salt drug store
ammonium chloride NH4Cl sal ammoniac drug store
ammonium hydroxide NH4 (aq) ammonia cleaner (10%) grocery store
ammonium nitrate NH4NO3 nitrate of ammonia garden supply store
amylose (C6H10O5)n cornstarch grocery store
ascorbic acid C6H8O6 vitamin C drug store
boric acid H3BO3 boric acid eyewash

solid roach killer

drug store

hardware store

butane C4H10 disposable lighter


grocery store
caffeine C8H10N4O2 No-Dozª tablets drug store
calcium carbonate CaCO3 white chalk,calcium supplement drug store
calcium chloride CaCl2 “De-Ice” for sidewalks grocery store
calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2 slaked lime, some antacids hardware store

pool supply store

calcium oxide CaO Quicklimeª hardware store
calcium phosphate, monobasic Ca(H2PO4)2 superphosphate garden supply store
calcium sulfate CaSO4 plaster of paris


hobby shop

building supply store


carbon C charcoal,graphite hardware store
carbon dioxide-solid CO2 dry Ice dairies, grocery store
carbonic acid H2CO3 soda water grocery store
citric acid C6H8O7 sour salt grocery store
copper Cu sheet, pipe or wire hardware store
copper sulfate, pentahydrate CuSO4 – 5H2O Bluestoneª algaecide

Root Eaterª

hardware or lawn & garden center
DMSO (CH3)2SO solvent drug stores
95% ethanol C2H5OH Everclearª liquor store
ethanol/ethyl alcohol CH3CH2OH denatured alcohol hardware or paint shop
ethylene glycol CH2OHCH2OH antifreeze auto supply store
fructose C6H12O6 fruit sugar grocery store
glucose C6H12O6 dextrose drug store
glycerol C3H8O3 glycerin drug store
helium He helium party shops
hydrochloric acid HCl (aq) muriatic acid

masonry cleaner

hardware store or lawn & garden store
hydrogen peroxide H2O2 3% antiseptic peroxide

Clairoxide (12%)

drug stores

beauty supply store

indicators beet juice, red cabbage juice, cherry juice grocery store
iodine I2 iodine drugstore
iron Fe uncoated nails, filings

steel wool

hardware store
iron (III) chloride FeCl3 none drug store
lactic acid C3H6O3 milk acid grocery store
lead Pb fishing line sinker sporting supply store
magnesium hydroxide Mg(OH)2 milk of magnesia drug store
2-propanol CH3CH(OH)CH3 rubbing alcohol drug store


magnesium sulfate, heptahydrate MgSO4-7H2O Epsom salts drug store
methanol CH3OH methyl alcohol,

duplicator fluid,

gasoline ÒdryerÓ

paint store

office supply store

auto supply store

methylene blue C16H18CN3S methidote antiseptic

biological stain


tropical fish store

naphthalene C10H8 moth balls hardware store
nujol mineral oil, baby oil drug store
oil Hydrocarbon (formula varies) vegetable oil grocery store
oxalic acid C2H2O4 rust remover

radiator cleaner

drug store

hardware store

para-dichlorobenzene C6H4Cl2 moth flakes hardware store
paraffin paraffin wax, candles grocery store
phenol red C19 H19SO5 swimming pool indicator swimming pool supply
phosphoric acid H3PO4 pH Down (30% solution) tropical fish store
potassium aluminum sulfate KAl(SO4)2-12H2O potassium alum photo supply store
potassium bitartrate, potassium hydrogen tartrate KHC4H4O6 cream of tartar grocery store
potassium bromide KBr potassium bromide photo store
potassium carbonate K2CO3 potash agricultural supply store
potassium chloride KCl lite salt grocery store
potassium dichromate K2Cr2O7 none photo supply store
potassium hydroxide KOH caustic potash hardware or ceramic shop
potassium nitrate KNO3 saltpeter drug store


potassium permanganate KMnO4 “Clearwater” (53% soln.) tropical fish store
sodium bicarbonate,

sodium hydrogen carbonate

NaHCO3 baking soda grocery store
sodium carbonate Na2CO3 washing soda grocery store
sodium chloride NaCl plain table salt -uniodized grocery store
sodium hydroxide NaOH drain opener (LYE) hardware store
or farm supply store
sodium hypochlorite NaClO bleach (5% Sol’n) grocery store
sodium nitrate NaNO3 Chile saltpeter garden supply store
sodium phosphate Na3PO4 trisodium phosphate (TSP) paint or garden shop
sodium silicate Na2SiO3 water glass hardware store
sodium tetraborate decahydrate Na2B4O7.10 H2O borax grocery store
sodium thiosulfate Na2S2O3 hypo photo store
stearic acid C17H35CO2H candle hardener hobby shop
sucrose C12H22O11 table sugar grocery store
sulfur S sulfur lawn & garden shops
tin or copper Sn, Cu metal sheets hardware store
builders supply store
vermiculite gardening soil lawn & garden center
zinc Zn galvanized nails hardware store